Male Factor Infertility
Male Factor infertility refers to a male's inability to conceive a child with a fertile female partner. Male infertility contributes to the etiology of infertility in 40-50% of couples presenting for evaluation.
The diagnosis of male infertility begins with a medical history. Typically, a complete semen analysis will be required. In addition, blood tests to look for hormone imbalances, medical conditions, or genetic issues, may be recommended. Male factor infertility can be due to low sperm production, misshapen or immobile sperm, blockages that prevent the delivery of sperm, or an inability to ejaculate. Illnesses, injuries, chronic health problems, lifestyle choices and other factors can play a role in causing male infertility.
Another common cause of Male Factor Infertility is a Varicocele. A varicocele is an enlargement of the vein, similar to a varicose vein, within the scrotum. Varicoceles can cause low sperm production and decreased sperm quality, which can contribute to infertility. However, not all varicoceles affect sperm production or quality. Fortunately, most varicoceles are easy to diagnose and many don't need treatment.
There are highly effective treatment options available for most couples presenting with male infertility including intrauterine insemination, IVF with ICSI and/or other approaches depending on the clinical situation.